What is Selenium Web Driver ?

Selenium WebDriver is a web automation framework that allows you to execute your tests against different browsers, not just Firefox, Chrome (unlike Selenium IDE).

WebDriver allows engineers to use a programming language in creating your test scripts which is not  possible in Selenium IDE.

Engineers can now use iterations logics and conditional operations.

This platform supports multiple languages Java, C#, PHP, Python, Perl, Ruby

Pros

  • Simple installation compared to RC.
  • Communicates directly to Browser Unlike RC.
  • Browser Interaction is more realastics.
  • Fast Execution time than IDE and RC.

Cons

  • Installation is complicated than IDE.
  • Need Knowledge of Programming.
  • Can not support new browsers.
  • Has to code for test results and logs.

Summary

  • Selenium WebDriver is a tool for testing web applications across different browsers using different programming languages.
  • WebDriver allows engineers to use a programming language in designing your tests thus give power to script.
  • WebDriver is faster than Selenium RC because of its simpler architecture.
  • WebDriver directly talks to the browser.
  • WebDriver’s API is more concise.
  • WebDriver can support HtmlUnit.
  • Web Driver cannot readily support new browsers.
  • Web Driver does not have a built-in command for automatic generation of test results.

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